By Hafiz Hassan
Parliament is generally recalled with a 28-day notice but it can dispense with such notice and convene for an emergency sitting.
Parliamentary standing orders allow for the requirement to be set aside.
Under the Dewan Rakyat Standing Order 9(2)(a), in cases of urgency as may be determined by the speaker the 28-day notice may be dispensed with, and in that event “the longest notice possible shall be given.”
As a matter of fact, it was former prime minister Najib Razak as the Leader of the Dewan Rakyat who represented to the speaker under Standing Order 11(3) that the public interest requires that the Dewan Rakyat should meet for a “special meeting” (Mesyuarat Khas) to debate a motion on the tragic downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17.
Following that representation, the secretary of the Dewan Rakyat issued a notice dated July 18, 2014 (Friday) to the members of Parliament that a special meeting of the Dewan Rakyat would be held for one day on July 23, 2014 (Wednesday) at 10.00 am. https://parlimen.gov.my/index.php?modload=content&action=001&id=521&uweb=web
It was a 5-day notice – a 3-working-day notice in fact.
So yes, Parliament can convene quickly on a short notice provided it is the longest notice possible.
In any case, Article 62(1) of the Federal Constitution allows the Dewan Rakyat to regulate its own procedures.
And Article 63(1) ensures that the validity of any proceedings in the Dewan Rakyat cannot be questioned or challenged in any court.